Let's try to figure out who are these mushrooms, and mushroom in particular, as one of the representatives of the world of fungi. Mushrooms were the object of human attention since time immemorial. However, the diversity of fungi is so great that process of learning was long, still not yet complete, and as before, their investigators are waiting for many surprises. In this connection it is appropriate to recall the words of French botanist A. Veyana uttered by another in 1727: "Mushrooms – an invention of the devil invented them in order to disrupt the harmony of the rest of nature, confusing and lead to despair researchers nerds. Fungi are relatively simple anatomical structure, and fed by a ready organic substance in the substrate. Dr. Mark Hyman has many thoughts on the issue.
Are organisms that have characteristics of plants and animals and a number of specific features. Among the features of the plants they have observed: the presence of cellular tissue, vegetative immobility, unbounded growth in time and space and absorb food (by suction). There are also some signs of animal: fungi lack chlorophyll (heterotrophic nutrition) in the shell cells is fungin similar to chitin, a substance that makes up the solid outer covering of insects. Furthermore fungin present in the cell glycogen (animal starch). The cell consists of a fungus cell wall (outside it often slimy layer-capsule), cytoplasm and cytoplasmic membrane, endoplasmic network, mitochondria, ribosomes, dictyosome and nuclei. Sometimes in the cell vacuoles and fungi have different inclusions. Cell wall, carrying out numerous functions in fungi, including the active absorption of nutrients from the substrate, as main components contain chitin, and polysaccharides, including glucans, proteins and fats.