In last the thirty years, many and diversified action come being implemented to fight the racism that during centuries was developed in our way. In this direction, one constructed excellent spaces that had had important advances in the anti-discriminatory fight. Not obstante, these actions are not still enough for ' ' desconstruir' ' all a negative representation that historically is constructed on the afrobrasileiros blacks. A pertaining to school environment, as well as other spaces of the society, consists in a place where the ethnic-cultural differences – or of another nature nor always they are respected. They frequent propagate in the medias news articles that point with respect to the constant existence of practical and actions that fortify the discrimination and the ethnic preconception in the schools. Moreover, studious that they analyze the didactic books indicate the absence, in this instrument, of contents and activities that stimulate the critical thought. For these scholars, books I contend acrticos contents and mechanical activities are one discourage to the criticidade it pupil. Beyond the discriminatory denunciations practical in the pertaining to school space, it comes being also attributed the inefficiency of the didactic book, (or at least some of them) the existence of subordinate social papers carried out by black personages and the presence of racist esteretipos. It is common, in didactic books, the example of a book of 1 intitled series ' ' Nordeste' ' of the author Maria Ceclia Rego Avila Person, much used in the decade of 1970, representations of composed families for father, mother and two children (a boy and a girl), whites, enjoying of a luxurious house in the farm or the city, representing perfectly the happiness ideal created by the Americans. Added to this family ' ' feliz' ' she appears the employee domestic: a black woman, badly dressed, of apron, with a cloth moored in the ready head and to serve ' ' gentilmente' ' that family.