The beginnings of the bionic heart

Bionics has achieved major milestones in the field of cardiology. Since 1952 Dr. Paul Zoll developed the first rudimentary pacemaker, bionic devices have not stopped improving and increasingly to help the diseased hearts. Now pacemakers not only “guide” to the heart to beat with a constant and uniform, also control the strength of heart muscle contraction, regulate the heartbeat as the activity being conducted by the person and record and record the activity of the heart to the doctor to consult. The latest pacemakers are digital and some even allow data transfer over the Internet for physicians to receive them. However, when a heart is sick, a pacemaker or drug treatments do little. The only two possibilities at present are a heart transplant or the use of a heart artificial (complete or partial) when the going gets tough and heart transplant fails.Put another way, artificial hearts are a way to buy time until it reaches the desired heart from a donor. The partial artificial heart is preferred as a temporary solution. It offers so many medical problems such as artificial track but has a major drawback: it serves for those people whose heart malfunction for the two ventricles (partial artificial heart replaces the operation of a single ventricle). For them, when the clock runs and a donor heart fails, the only option is a complete artificial heart. The reasons do not exist at the moment, complete artificial hearts to allow safe replace the human heart are many. Bleeding, infection, blood clots, kidney problems, rejection of foreign material … They are huge problems that occur too often, the use of these devices.So no wonder that the artificial heart is full today and risky last resort to save time. It might seem that this technology takes little time to develop, but the fact is that since 1982, when he got constructed the first complete artificial heart (the Jarvik-7), has been improving very slowly. The complexity of the human heart has a lot to do with these improvements are so spaced in time. Despite the elation that sparked the first artificial heart, the truth is that the FDA banned years later ended. The device was not good enough and patients failed to survive beyond a few months for the previously mentioned problems. Over 20 years have gone through to develop an artificial heart is good enough for the FDA approved it for use in humans: the AbioCor.